Hyperkiphosis, or round back, is diagnosed by palpation. The patient performs bending and rotation of the spine in order for the doctor to determine the degree of advancement of the posture defect. There's also an X-ray examination.
Causes of hyper-erkiphosis
Hyperiperkiphosis is most often caused by abnormal posture, in particular by prolonged holding of a slanted position. A lateral curvature of the spine - scoliosis - can also lead to the formation of a round back. In children, hyperhypericosis occurs as a result of Scheuermann's disease, the so-called juvenile kyphosis. It is characterized by necrosis and bone death. Elderly people with abnormal posture may also suffer from hyper-erkiphosis due to the ageing of the body. Other causes of this disease are..:
- disk prolapse,
- spinal trauma,
- spinal infection,
- bone degeneration,
- muscle dystrophy,
- Paget's disease,
- hormonal system disorders,
- connective tissue diseases,
- congenital malformations: tumours or spina bifida.
To stop the development of the disease, an orthopaedic corset or orthosis is used, e.g. a straightener, to correct posture defects.
Symptoms of hyper-erkiphosis
The most visible symptom of hyper-erkiphosis is a round back. At an advanced stage it can turn into a hump, which looks like a bulge in the upper back. Other symptoms of hyper-erkiphosis include an excessively protruding head and shoulder as well as rounded shoulders. The shoulders protrude from the chest and it is collapsed and flattened. People with this postural defect sometimes feel pain in the upper part of their back, because the deepened kyphosis causes a strong pressure on the spine. In addition, if it presses on the lungs, there are breathing problems.
Hyper-erkiphosis - treatment
Treatment of mild hyper-erkiphosis involves performing exercises recommended by a physiotherapist. A person with a diagnosed postural defect, such as a round back, should sleep on a mattress that is quite hard. You can also try massages, yoga or use the services of a chiropractor who deals with manual therapy. In more severe cases of more advanced hyper-erkiphosis, corrective gymnastics, orthopaedic braces and physiotherapy are used. Patients also take analgesics. If there is an infection or tumour development with the curvature of the spine, the operation is performed.